Oscar Niemeyer & the Evolution of Modern
Architecture in Brazil 1937 – 1949

Fall Studio 2017
Elective : Independent Study
Instructor : Kenneth Frampton



In 1927 the Times undertook a survey on Brazil. The survey depicted the most prominent works of architecture of the time. The survey revealed that the Neo colonial was the primary and only architectural style of the country in that period. The article written by Jose Mariano who was the director of Escola Nacional de Belas Artes and was in important figure in promoting the style. The identification of an authentic Brazilian architectural style, stemming from an overall quest for a national identity was a central discussion at this time. This Neo colonial movement in architecture that began from the 1914 was primarily promoted by Ricardo Severo and Jose Mariano.

Two Sides of Surveillance

Fall Studio 2017
Elective : Poltics of Spce
Instructor : Mary Mcleod


“Full light and the eye of the supervisor capture better than darkness, which ultimately protected. Visibility is a trap.” – pg. 200; Discipline and Punish; Michel Foucault.

Michel Foucault, in his influential study of the modern penal system of the time discusses the importance of surveillance as a primary means of exercising power and control in various forms of institutions as the most effective way of its functioning in the society. He begins with the analysis of two different situations that demand the employment of control in a town. In the first he discusses separation which is presented as a solution to the problem of leprosy. The second aspect he discusses the spreading of plague in a town and the role played by surveillance in controlling it. He describes a hierarchical system created that periodically surveys and records the observations on various levels as a means of monitoring its spread.

A Simple Complication

Summer Semester 2017
Metropolis Essay
Instructor : Enrique Walker


The Diana center by Weiss Manfredi, the newest addition to the Bernard college campus since 1987, completed in 2010, sits along Broadway. The first impression of this building from the street sheds light upon how the proportions of this contemporary building imitate those of the classical buildings around it and how the color of the glazed façade resembles that of the brick. These characteristics highlight its attempts to blend in with its context. On the contrary this modest, seemingly simple appearance of the building disguises numerous complexities designed within its various tangible and intangible aspects.